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Lemon Purchase & Information

Alternative Names

Bioflavonoid Complex, Bioflavonoid Concentrate, Bioflavonoid Extract, Bioflavonoïde de Citron, Bioflavonoïdes, Bioflavonoïdes de Citron, Bioflavonoids, Citrin, Citron, Citronnade, Citrus, Citrus Bioflavones, Citrus Bioflavonoid, Citrus Bioflavonoid Complex, Citrus Bioflavonoid Extract, Citrus Bioflavonoids, Citrus Extract, Citrus Flavones, Citrus Flavonoids, Citrus Medica Limonum, Citrus Peel Extract, Citrus Seed Extract, Complexe de Bioflavonoïdes, Complexe de Bioflavonoïdes de Citron, Concentré de Bioflavonoïdes, Eriodictiol, Eriodictyol, Eriodictyol Glycoside, Extrait de Bioflavonoïdes, Extrait de Bioflavonoïdes de Citron, Extrait de Pépins de Citron, Flavonoids, Flavonoïdes, Flavonoïdes de Citron, Jus de Citron, Lemon Bioflavonoid, Lemon Bioflavonoid Complex, Lemon Bioflavonoid Extract, Lemon Bioflavonoids, Lemon Juice, Lemon Oil, Lemon Peel, Lemon Rind, Lemonade, Limón, Limonade, Nimbaka, Nimbuka, Zeste de Citron CAUTION: Please refer to separate listings for Chrysin, Diosmin, Hesperidin, Grapefruit, Methoxylated Flavones, Quercetin, Rue, Rutin, and Sweet Orange

Scientific Name

Citrus Limon

Why Do People Use Lemon?

Oral preparations of Citrus limon (lemon), like lemon powder, are used for the treatment of scurvy, swine flu, the common cold and flu, Meniere's disease, tinnitus and nephrolithiasis (kidney stones). It is also used as an anti-inflammatory agent, digestive aid, to improve vascular permeability and as a diuretic. In Food Items - Lemon is taken as a food item and added as a flavoring agent.

Is It Safe To Use?

Likely Safe - Lemon consumption appears to be safe when used in amounts generally found in food items. Lemon has attained Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) status in the United States. Reports have also suggested that oral consumption of lemon in medicinal amounts is safe. Avoid in Pregnancy & Lactation - Doctors and health physicians do not advice to use lemon for both pregnant and breastfeeding females because there is insufficient and unreliable information available to rate the safety of lemon for both these conditions.

How Effective Is Lemon?

Lemon powder maybe effective for following conditions: Kidney Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Daily consumption of two liters of lemonade, which provides a total of 5.9 grams of citric acid, on daily basis lessens the urinary calcium levels as well as enhances the urinary citrate levels in patients suffering from hypocitrauria. Reports suggest that this may decrease kidney stone formation in patients with recurrent calcium nephrolithiasis. Meniere's Disease - Anecdotal evidence proposes that a particular lemon bioflavonoid called eriodictyol glycoside may decrease nausea, vertigo, vomiting and enhance the hearing in some patients with Meniere's disease.

How Lemon Works?

The most effective parts of Citrus limon are the juice, fruit and peel. Lemon fruit is comprised of oligosaccharides, sugars and polysaccharides. Fruit pulp mainly comprises of about 50% polysaccharides and 40% sugars. The sugar content of lemon juice depends on where it is produced. California lemons contain from 0.81% to 3.2% sugar in the juice. Florida lemons give have 3.7% sugar in the juice. Major polysaccharides in lemon powder are pectin, glalacturonan, xylan, glucan and arabinan. The acridity of lemons is 3.5% - 6%. This is significantly higher than different citrus fruits, for example, grapefruit or orange. Acidity level, to a great extent, depends on malic acid and citrus acid content. Lemon fruit contains 0.07% to 0.26% malic acid and 4% - 4.38% citrus extract. Bioflavonoids contained in lemon have antioxidant impacts and are thought to be in charge of the productive results of lemon. Lemon bioflavonoids include eriodictyol, diosmin, neohesperidoside, hesperidin, eriocitrin, naringenin, rutinoside, isolimocitrol, neodiosmin, isorhamnetin, chrysoeriol, limocitrol, limocitrin and others. Some studies recommend that the bioflavonoid constituent can vary among fruits depending on the growing conditions. Unripe lemon contains mostly hesperidin. The ripening procedure demethylates hesperidin to shape eriodictyol, which is more abundant in the ripened lemon. On the other hand, different experiments have negated this and recommend that eriodictyol is the transcendent bioflavonoid at all phases of readiness. In the fresh juice of lemon, the hesperidin constituent is between 0.046% - 0.12% depending on the preparation of the juice. Fresh Natural strength (undiluted) containing pulp of lemon juice additionally consist of higher amounts of hesperidin. Other constituents include coumarins, limonoids and citrus oils. Limonene from citrus oil is the most abundant monoterpene in lemon juice. Limonoids, limonene and lemon flavonoids provide lemon its aroma and flavor. Lemon oil contains a number of coumarins including oxypeucedanin, bergapten, 8-geranyloxypsolaren, imperatorin, phellopterin, isopimpinellin, 5-geranyloxy-8-methoxypsoralen and some others as well. Few of these coumarins may result in a photosensitizing effect. Further, coumarins have been separated from lemon juice and lemon peel. These include 5-geranyloxypsolaren (also known as bergamottin), 8-geranyloxypsolaren, 5,7-dimethoxycoumarin (also known as limettin), 5-geranyloxy-7-methoxycoumarin and oxypeucedanin. Few of these coumarins seem to decrease free radical generation by hindering the products of nitric oxide. In animal models of diabetes, a diet containing lemon flavonoids comprising of 0.2% hesperidin and 0.2% eriocitrin result in decreased oxidative stress after 28 days of treatment. In Meniere's disease, a particular lemon bioflavonoid, eriodictyol glycoside, is hypothesized to help with the disease symptoms. There is interest in using lemon’s essential oil as an aromatherapy agent for anxiety and pain. In animal models, exposure to lemon essential oil fragrance appears to decrease pain. Lemon essential oil aroma also seems to decrease corticosterone plasma levels. On the other hand, the lemon aroma seems to improve the nervousness levels in animal model.

What Are The Side Effects /Adverse Reactions of Lemon?

Topical application of lemon powder or juice can result in photosensitivity especially in fair-skinned users.

How Lemon Interacts With Other Herbs and Supplements?

Not known.

How Lemon Interacts With Drugs?

Not known.

How Lemon Interacts With Foods?

Not known.

How Lemon Interacts With Lab Tests?

Not known.

How Lemon Interacts With Diseases and Conditions?

Not known.

What Should Be the Dose/Administration of Lemon?

ORAL In order to treat kidney stones (nephrolithiasis), two liters of lemonade should be ingested in whole day, which provide 5.9 grams of citric acid on daily basis. Lemonade is made by mixing 4 ounces of reconstituted lemon juice with normal water to produce two liters of beverage.



General Certificate of Analysis (COA)

Specification sheet links below are a standard copy of the COA less the batch or lot number and manufactures dates. Specification sheet can be dated and should only be considered as a general information. Please contact and request an up to date COA if needed for specific updated information before placing order by filling out the contact form with product name and SKU number. If ordering quantities of twenty five kilos or more contact for availability.


These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

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